Laser cladding

About method

Laser cladding, sometimes referred to as last deposition welding or laser metal deposition, is used to build metal surfaces, both in repairs to recreate a damaged geometry and in new manufacturing to give components improved properties concerning, for example, abrasion, corrosion, or heat resistance. 

When renovating worn components, the result is often a component with better performance than when it was new. We can specially adapt entire surface layers or parts of a component with regard to, for example, friction, wear, and corrosion properties. Some product examples that we manufacture are plain bearings, valves, tools, wear lining, piston rods, rollers, knife steel, bushings, axles, cogs, casings, and drive wheels.


In laser cladding, additive material in the form of powder and wire is melted onto the base material. The rapid cooling gives the coating a homogeneous fine-grained structure that is characterized by both toughness and hardness.

Compared with other coating methods on the market, such as various welding methods and thermal spraying, the strength of laser cladding can be summarized in that it combines the advantages of both of these methods. That is, both the metallic bond obtained in conventional welding and the minimal heat impact that thermal spraying gives. In addition, the low mixture with the base material gives desirable surface properties even on thin surface layers. 


  • Slight heat and shape effect on the base material
  • Minimal mixing with the base material, which gives the desired surface properties even on thin surface layers
  • Full atomic bonding to the base material, which ensures that the base material and coating are joined together.
  • Good properties for counteracting wear and tear
  • When renovating, the choice of material can give the component a performance that is significantly better than when it was new
  • Low friction
  • High load-carrying capacity in the surface layer
  • Improved corrosion resistance
  • Great selection of basic and additive materials
  • Multiple layers, gradient materials can be built 

References for Laser cladding

Feed roller segment
Nordic Quick Systems

Feed rollers
SCA Timber

Valve discs
Parker Hannifin

Wheel spindles

Feed roller segment - Nordic Quick Systems

Duroc Laser Coating has helped Nordic Quick Systems with laser cladding of their unique feed roller solution for sawmills.

The replaceable segments, which in themselves mean a significant reduction in work in the event of maintenance stoppages, become even better when its surfaces are reinforced with DUROC TiC42 as the service life increases markedly. Fantastic news for all the world’s sawmills!

DUROC TiC42 is an additive material that contains titanium carbides, which create extreme abrasion resistance. DUROC TiC42 can be used for both cladding and impregnation depending on which surface properties are sought in addition to the extreme abrasion resistance.

Feed rollers - SCA Timber

The grooves of the roller are rebuilt with laser cladding

“In the autumn of 2007, we inserted a feed roller with laser-welded grooves into the feed in saw line 2. It has now been in operation for almost four years, and I would think that it will run for the same amount of time,” says David Engberg, maintenance manager at SCA Timber in Munksund. “The feed rollers that are delivered with new saw lines today have thermally sprayed grooves. These are completely worn out after two years.”

The task of the feed roller is to propel the log along the saw line. It has a ribbed surface layer to get a good grip on the log. If the roller and grip do not work well, the log slips and gets stuck or there is a fault in the feed to the dividing saw blade with serious quality disturbances as a result.

The surface layer of the roller is rebuilt using a laser

The grooves of the roller are rebuilt with laser cladding. The welded material is a durable tool steel mixed with hard, wear resistant carbide particles. 

About SCA Munksund

SCA Munksund delivers sawn and planed pine. The annual capacity amounts to 440,000 m3 of sawn timber. Keeping production as trouble-free as possible is, of course, of great importance for both product quality and profitability.

Valve discs - Parker Hannifin

Lead-free valve discs with laser clading

Parker Hannifin has used bronze in a valve disc for several years in the manufacture of hydraulic machines, such as pumps and motors. With changed requirements regarding increased performance and elimination of lead in the bronze metal, Parker began to look around for new solutions.

Alternatives in the form of rolling, thermal spraying, thin film coating and laser surface treatment were evaluated through studies of the machine parts’ function and performance as well as the efficiency of the process.

Duroc Laser Coating’s laser cladding proved to be able to offer a completely lead-free laser bronze with superior performance compared to other methods. It is also a flexible solution that enables production adapted to demand and shortened lead times.

“Duroc Laser Coating’s solution has rationalized our manufacturing process and gives us an improved overall economy,” explains Mats Karlsson, purchasing manager at Parker Hannifin in Trollhättan.

Wheel spindles - Caterpillar

Wheel spindles that are renovated with lasers last longer than new ones

“Laser cladding of a wheel spindle costs maybe a fifth compared to buying a new one,” explains Lars Almqvist, who together with Kalle Thyni is responsible for the maintenance of the Caterpillar trucks at the Aitik mine. “But above all, it holds up so well. You do not have to worry about costly warehouse breakdowns. Traditional overlay welding is not an option.”

“There is no alternative method to laser cladding,” Almqvist explains. “The heat beam is small and accurate and provides high precision, which means that you can weld without affecting the surrounding base material. With traditional overlay welding, the heat impact becomes so deep that you risk a fracture indication further down or in the weld itself.”

The Aitik mine outside Gällivare is one of Europe’s largest copper mines. Every year 17-19 million metric tons of ore and 25 million metric tons of waste rock are mined here. Duroc does maintenance work using laser cladding, mainly for preventive purposes, but even more urgent issues sometimes occur.

Through a full-service agreement, PonCat handles the maintenance of the mining trucks for Boliden Mineral. Maintenance is mainly for preventive purposes. According to a rolling plan, the components are lifted out for renovation after a certain number of hours.

“We work exclusively for preventive purposes. If a component were to break down, the repair cost would be almost double,” Almqvist explains.

Laser cladding lasts twice as long as the original spindle

The fleet of Caterpillar trucks in the Aitik mine consists of six 789s and seventeen 793s. In 1995, Duroc laser renovated the first wheel spindles on the CAT 789. After eleven years, the spindles have not yet needed to be repaired or replaced. To compare with the original spindle that lasted for six years. In 2006, the newer 793 truck model was also renovated.

Do you want to know more?


Duroc Laser Coating AB
Fabriksvägen 16
972 54 LULEÅ
+46 920 43 22 20
[email protected]

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When the surface counts